About Us

Sacramento Farms

Located in Central Florida, near Lake Okeechobee, is the ranch with the largest herd of Senepol cattle in the United States.We have more than 20 years experience handling heat adapted cattle

Our Senepol cattle represent the best performance EPD’s of Senepol Cattle in the United States. Using advanced technology, a group of excellent professionals and in compliance with the strict standards in genetic selection, we have focused on obtaining the cattle which meets the needs of the beef industry. Due to the quality of our Senepol herd, we have created the best cross-bred bulls, combining Senepol genetics.

Our Ranch

Senepol Cattle

In the year 1800, N’Dama Cattle (a Bos Taurus), was imported from Senegal to St. Croix. This breed, after remaining for centuries in Senegal, had developed resistance against heat and parasites. In 1918, the N’Dama breed was mixed with Red Poll, in order to obtain a breed with better maternal instincts, earlier sexual maturity and with absence of horns; by 1940 the Senepol breed had been established as a pure breed.

Outstanding characteristics of the Senepol breed:

Polled

  • Absence of horns

Heat Tolerance

  • Grazes during the hottest time of the day
  • Does not get tired after a day of work
  • Able to survive several days without water

USDA research establishes the cooler temperatures maintained by Senepol compared to Brahman, Angus and Hereford cows while grazing during the summer months in Florida. The same study revealed that F1 Senepol calves (both Hereford-sired out of Senepol cows, and Senepol-sired out of Hereford cows) maintained rectal temperatures almost identical to full blood Senepol. Senepol posses heat tolerance, and they pass it on in crossbreeding programs.

 Grazing studies performed at the USDA Subtropical Research Station, Brooksville, Fla., during a two summers time period concluded that Senepol grazed an average of 10.7 hours per day as compared to 9.3 hours a day for Hereford cattle – a grazing advantage of 1.4 hours/day. This adds to Senepol’s advantage in foraging ability and easy-fleshing traits.

Disposition

  • Gentle by nature, intelligent and easy to handle

Maternal skills

  • Gentle by nature, intelligent and easy to handle
  • Calves without assistance under tropical conditions
  • Birth weight average between 29 to 36 kilograms (65 to 80 lbs.)
  • Produce 11.3 kilograms (25 lbs.) of milk per day
  • 268 days of lactation

Maternal Efficiency

Senepol cows are moderate-sized, and exhibit excellent fleshing and foraging ability. Mature cows average 1000 to 1,200 lbs., and consistently wean off 50% or better of their body weight while maintaining an efficient calving interval.

Fertility

  • They reproduce at 2 to 3 years, at 12 month intervals
  • They have 13 to 15 calves during their lifetime

Production

  • Early maturity, compared to other tropical cattle
  • At eight months, weight is 236 kilograms (500 lbs.)
  • Between 12 and 14 months, weight is 364 to 386 kilograms (800 to 850 pounds)

Calving Easel / Calf Vigor

Senepol are similar to Angus in calving ease and light birth weights. The huge advantage they offer is tremendous calf vigor. Breeders everywhere are proud of the increased survival of Senepol-sired calves because they jump up and nurse quickly.

Disease and Insect Resistance

  • USDA research indicates that Senepol have greater immunity when compared to other beef breeds.

USDA research indicates that Senepol have greater immunity when compared to other beef breeds. This is due greatly to the N’Dama influence in Senepol, and is also aided by generations of natural selection being applied on the island of St. Croix.

Longevity

  • 15 to 20 years production

Cattleman who visit St. Croix for the first time are continually amazed at the number of 15 to 20 year-old cows that are still in production. Often overlooked, perhaps no characteristic is as “multiple-trait” oriented, or as meaningful to the overall profitability of a cow-calf operator as longevity.

Feedlot Performance

  • Senepol and Senepol-cross have excelled panhandle feedlos.

Senepol and Senepol-cross steers have excelled repeatedly in Nebraska, Colorado, Virginia, Oklahoma and Texas panhandle feedlots.

For example, Jim Barron’s Spur Headquarters Ranch fed more than 2,000 F1 Senepool-cross steers. With 146 days on feed, the collective averages were; death loss of 0.28%, ADG of 3.62 lbs./day and dry matter conversion of 6.74 lbs. Feed / lb gain.

Composite Cattle

Crossbreeding is a fast and economical way to increase productivity within a herd. The F1 products, European with Zebu, are viable; but the dilemma encountered by producers is which product to cross these females and their offspring with. The crossbreeding offered by Sacramento Farms in based on the fact that the breeds compliment each other, because each breed presents strengths and weaknesses.

Our system is based on selecting the best traits of each breed and ultimately combining these traits to produce superior offspring.

Zebu

  • Adaptability and hardiness.

Senepol

  • Adaptability, disposition, carcass quality.

Red Agnus

  • Early sexual maturity, carcass quality, muscularity and disposition.

Simental

  • High growth, muscularity, easy calving.

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